Derbyshire Places of Worship

St John the Baptist's Church, Buxton (1) (46k) St John the Baptist's Church, Buxton (2) (48k) Above Photograph(s)
Copyright of Alf Beard
St John the Baptist's Church, Buxton
St John the Baptist's Church (link to Church's website)
St John's Road / Manchester Road,,
Buxton, Derbyshire.

Cemeteries

This Church has (or had) a graveyard.

Note: any church within an urban environment may have had its graveyard closed after the Burial Act of 1853. Any new church built after that is unlikely to have had a graveyard at all.

Church History

This Place of Worship was founded in 1811, and we understand it is still open.

Kelly's Directory of 1932 describes Buxton as a celebrated watering place, on the river Wye, and 3 miles from the source of that river. The old road from Derby to Manchester passes through the town, which is 12 miles west-north-west from Bakewell, 22 north-west from Matlock, 24 south-south-east from Manchester, 38 north-north-west from Derby, 26 south-west from Sheffield, and 159 from London by road. In 1895, it was formed into a civil parish from the parish of Bakewell. The London, Midland and Scottish railway had, at the time, three stations in the town, connecting with different parts of the country.

The parish church of St John the Baptist was built in 1811, and is "an edifice in the Classic style, consisting of chancel and nave, with recesses on the north and south, a very fine but heavy portico over the east end, and a large cupola at the west end containing one bell". The east end of the chancel is decorated with mosaics.

The return to the Religious Census of 1851 (HO 129/450/1/2/1) for St John Church, which at the time had 80 free, and 460 "other" sittings, recorded an average attendance of 400 in the morning, with 84 Sunday Scholars, and 300 in the afternoon. Both Bagshaw's Directory of 1846, and White's Directory of 1857, name the incumbent of Buxton as Rev. Robert Pennyman Hull Brown B.A., but he was, apparently unable (or unwilling) to complete the return himself, as the information was entered by the Registrar, Joseph Vernon.

The church has, nevertheless, honoured its incumbents. The pulpit, of marble and alabaster, was erected by subscription in 1867 to the memory of the Right Rev. John George Trevor Spencer, D.D. sometime Bishop of Madras, and former incumbent of this parish, who died in 1866. The reredos is also of marble. The baptistery and font, erected in 1866, are memorials to Dr. Dickson and his son, and there is a stained window, placed in 1886, to the memory of the Rev. R.P. Hull [Brown], a former vicar. There is also a fine window in memory of the men connected with the parish who fell in the Great War 1914-1918, their names recorded in panels on each side of the window. The church will hold 1,000 persons [evidently enlarged after 1851!]. The parish records date from 1719 [presumably including entries from the old Church of St Anne]. The living was in 1932 a vicarage, in the gift of the Duke of Devonshire, and had been held since 1911 by the Rev. Charles Elliott Scott-Moncrieff D.D. of Trinity College, Cambridge, hon. canon of Repton in Derby Cathedral, rural dean of Buxton, and surrogate.

The following information about the Church has been provided to accompany the photographs on the right. A list of people who have supplied the information is included in the Acknowledgements, below.

[Image 1] The date on the pediment is 'MDCCCXI' (1811), when St John the Baptist Church replaced the old parochial chapel of 1625, now St Anne, but then dedicated to St John the Evangelist. Until 1898 Buxton was a chapelry of Bakewell (which included King Sterndale until 1851). In 1905, Fernilee and part of Fairfield, previously in the parish of Hope were added, but since the 1970s it has been united with Burbage and King Sterndale.

Kelly's Directory of 1912 notes that both St Anne, and St John's churchyards are closed to burials, “except in the case of those who already have vaults there”.

Kelly's Directory of 1932 records that the pulpit, of marble and alabaster, was erected by subscription in 1867 as a memorial to the Right Rev. John George Trevor SPENCER, D.D. “sometime Bishop of Madras”, and formerly incumbent of the parish. He died in 1867. There is also a stained glass window in memory of the men of the parish who died in WWI - their names are recorded in panels on each side of the window. It also records that the church will seat about 1,000 people.

The register dates from 1719, so obviously it was kept by the church of St Anne, prior to the building of St John the Baptist.[1]

Denomination

Now or formerly Church of England.

If more than one congregation has worshipped here, or its congregation has united with others, in most cases this will record its original dedication.

Maps

This Church is located at OS grid reference SK0561773549. You can see this on various mapping systems. Note all links open in a new window:

Reference

  • Places recorded by the Registrar General under the provisions of the Places of Worship Registration Act 1855 (2010) is available as a "Freedom of Information" document from the website What Do They Know.

Acknowledgements

A special thanks to the following people who have contributed information for this web page:

1. Information provided by Alf Beard/Rosemary Lockie.

Last updated on 18 Feb 2015 at 15:49.

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This Report was created 19 Nov 2017 - 17:06:40 GMT from information held in the Derbyshire section of the Places of Worship Database. This was last updated on 4 Jun 2017 at 08:14.

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