Derbyshire Places of Worship

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Chapel of St Nicholas (Private), Codnor
Chapel of St Nicholas (Private),
Codnor Castle,
Codnor, Derbyshire.

Cemeteries

We believe the Church did NOT have a graveyard.

Note: any church within an urban environment may have had its graveyard closed after the Burial Act of 1853. Any new church built after that is unlikely to have had a graveyard at all.

Church History

This Place of Worship was founded before 1542, but we understand it was closed after 1692.

There is a comprehensive account of the history of St Nicholas's Chapel on the Codnor & District Local History & Heritage Website. Codnor Castle was built by the Lords Grey of Codnor, and according to Pevsner's Buildings of England, passed to the Zouche family in 1496. The earliest documentary source to mention a chapel, according to the aforementioned site, is 1542, when it was called a "Free Chapel". So it survived the Reformation, but more tellingly, perhaps, is the suggestion that it may also have served the extra-parochial district of Codnor Park.

Note: Gladwyn Turbutt's A History of Derbyshire (1999), pp.729-30 describes private chapels created at this time by a wealthy men "for the convenience of themselves and their families, and particularly when their parish church was some miles distant". It was necessary to obtain a dispensation from the bishop, and conditions were usually imposed, as for example, its owner would be expected to attend services at the parish church on major feast days, and the patronal festival; and any offerings made to the chapel were to be handed over to the parish church. Also no formal services, such as marriages, purifications, or confessions, were to held. Such private chapels became common by the end of the thirteenth century, occupying both grand, and humble apartments, as for example, in the manor house of Wakebridge, the chapel or oratory was "sandwiched between a pigsty and a dovecote". The living of the priest who attended the chapel was also of a menial nature, as although he was entitled to a stipend, he had no benefice, and could be dismissed at the whim of his patron.

Denomination

Now or formerly Roman Catholic.

If more than one congregation has worshipped here, or its congregation has united with others, in most cases this will record its original dedication.

Maps

This Church was located at OS grid reference SK4336249944. You can see this on various mapping systems. Note all links open in a new window:

Reference

  • Places recorded by the Registrar General under the provisions of the Places of Worship Registration Act 1855 (2010) is available as a "Freedom of Information" document from the website What Do They Know.
Last updated on 13 Nov 2013 at 14:55.

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This Report was created 9 Aug 2017 - 12:27:07 BST from information held in the Derbyshire section of the Places of Worship Database. This was last updated on 4 Jun 2017 at 08:14.

URL of this page: http://churchdb.gukutils.org.uk/DBY1428.php
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