Derbyshire Places of Worship

St Giles's Church, Great Longstone (1) (39k) St Giles's Church, Great Longstone (2) (41k) St Giles's Church, Great Longstone (3) (38k) St Giles's Church, Great Longstone (4) (46k) St Giles's Church, Great Longstone (5) (39k) St Giles's Church, Great Longstone (6) (50k) Above Photograph(s)
Copyright of Alf Beard/Janet Kirk
St Giles's Church, Great Longstone
St Giles's Church (link to Church's website)
Church Lane,
Great Longstone, Derbyshire.

Cemeteries

This Church has (or had) a graveyard.

Note: any church within an urban environment may have had its graveyard closed after the Burial Act of 1853. Any new church built after that is unlikely to have had a graveyard at all.

Church History

This Place of Worship was founded in the 13th century, and we understand it is still open.

Kelly's Directory of 1932 records Great Longstone chapelry as including Great Longstone, Little Longstone, Hassop, Rowland and part of Wardlow townships, out of the parish of Bakewell. It describes the village as consisting of one long street on high ground sheltered by a range of hills called "Longstone Edge", and with a station on the Ambergate and Manchester section of the London, Midland and Scottish railway, 3 miles north-west from Bakewell, 12 west from Chesterfield and 154 from London. It was said to be supplied with water from springs on Stoke Flatt Moor, from which the water is conducted by pipes to the dwelling houses of the inhabitants.

The church of St Giles consists of chancel, clerestoried nave with arcades of 6 narrow arches on octagonal pillars, aisles, south porch, organ chamber, vestry and a battlemented western tower, with pinnacles, containing a clock and 6 bells, five of which were the gift of G.T. Wright esq.; the sixth was added in 1924 by T.H. Tonge esq. The earliest portions of the structure date from the 13th century. The arcades, south porch and priest's door belong to the following century; and the chancel windows are Perpendicular, also the fine roofs of the chancel, nave and aisles - "wrought with extreme care, and have embattled cornices and carved bosses at the intersections, some being of eccentric design and others bearing various heraldic shields".

The clerestory windows are said to belong to the 17th century. The east end of the south aisle is inclosed by a screen of old oak, with the Eyre crest over the entrance. Within, attached to a slab of black marble against the wall, is a plate of copper, finely engraved with the figures of a man and woman kneeling face to face at desks; below is a shield with the Eyre crest and a long latin inscription to Rowland Eyre esq. of Hassop ob. 1624, and Gertrude (Stafford) his wife. The register dates from 1638 and is in good preservation, "with the exception of several pages rendered illegible by damp". The living, in the gift of the vicar of Bakewell, had been held since 1932 by the Rev. Ernest Richard Wright Higham M.A. of Keble College, Oxford.

The return to the Religious Census of 1851 (HO 129/449/1/1/1) for "S. Giles - Church of Ancient Chapelry" recorded an estimated congregation on March 30th of 84 in the morning and 138 in the afternoon, with 80 and 81 Sunday Scholars respectively. It was completed by Jas. S. Hodson M.A., Perpetual Curate, living at "Gt. Longstone, Bakewell". The Living, he said, was "in Gift of Vicar of Bakewell, Parsonage House" [as it still was in 1932, as mentioned above].

The following information about the Church has been provided to accompany the photographs on the right. A list of people who have supplied the information is included in the Acknowledgements, below.

[Image 1] In the days when Longstone parish included the hamlets of Hassop and Rowland, parishioners attending church would have approached the church from this direction, passing through a ‘squeezer’ stile in the north-east corner of the churchyard. The north-east corner also was traditionally where they would have been laid to rest.

Reference
St Giles, Great Longstone, Church Guide, 1997.[1]

[Image 4] The date of this cross is not known for sure. On the base of the shaft are the letters ‘LD’ and on the bevel just below the letters ‘HE 1656’ and ‘TB’ or ‘FB’. Robert Thornhill, in his booklet ‘Longstone Notes’ suggests 1656 as the date of its restoration, but this was during the Commonwealth period, when crosses were more likely to be destroyed, or defaced, than restored, or indeed erected for the first time, so his interpretation raises questions of its own.

A more recent restoration occurred in 1897, and this is commemorated on a plaque on the south side of the shaft, which reads:

AD MDCCCXCVII [1897]
This Ancient Churchyard Cross
was Restored in Loving Memory of
Charles Lewis CORNISH Priest
Vicar of this Parish
MDCCCXLI - MDCCCXLVI
[1841-1846]

The Reverend CORNISH was incumbent for just five years (1841-1846); yet he is also commemorated on a stained-glass window inside the church, so he must have occupied a special place in some of his parishioners' hearts. Even so, he did not please everyone. He was a member of the Oxford Movement - High Church Anglicans - and this so displeased a section of the congregation that they broke away from their church, and founded Little Longstone Congregational Chapel at this time.

After Revd. CORNISH left Longstone, he went to work for one of the Oxford Movement's leaders, Rev. E.B. PUSEY.

Reference
St Giles, Great Longstone, Church Guide, 1997.[2]

Denomination

Now or formerly Church of England.

If more than one congregation has worshipped here, or its congregation has united with others, in most cases this will record its original dedication.

Maps

This Church is located at OS grid reference SK2002571901. You can see this on various mapping systems. Note all links open in a new window:

Reference

  • Places recorded by the Registrar General under the provisions of the Places of Worship Registration Act 1855 (2010) is available as a "Freedom of Information" document from the website What Do They Know.

Acknowledgements

A special thanks to the following people who have contributed information for this web page:

1. Information provided by Rosemary Lockie.

2. Transcription provided by Alf Beard.

Last updated on 2 Jan 2015 at 11:47.

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This Report was created 29 Nov 2017 - 20:16:03 GMT from information held in the Derbyshire section of the Places of Worship Database. This was last updated on 4 Jun 2017 at 08:14.

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