Gloucestershire Places of Worship

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St Mary's Church, Henbury
St Mary's Church,
Church Close / Rectory Gardens, BS10 7QF,
Henbury, Gloucestershire.

Cemeteries

This Church has (or had) a graveyard.

Note: any church within an urban environment may have had its graveyard closed after the Burial Act of 1853. Any new church built after that is unlikely to have had a graveyard at all.

Church History

This Place of Worship was founded before 1093, and we understand it is still open.

According to the Victoria County History series: A History of the County of Gloucester, Volume 2: Religious houses, including Early History of Gloucester Cathedral (1907), pp.106-108 (College: Westbury-on-Trym), the earliest documented evidence of a church in Henbury is 1093, when Henbury and Stoke Churches were amongst lands and property granted by the Bishop of Worcester to the Monastery of Westbury on Trym. The Monastery had been founded about 716,and had been acquired by one of the Bishop's predecessors in 824. Under Bishop Oswald (961-992), Westbury was to become the centre of the Benedictine revival in Mercia.

The present building does however date from the 12th century. Kelly's Directory of 1923 describes it as "an ancient building of stone chiefly in the Early English style, with Decorated and Perpendicular insertions, [consisting] of chancel, nave of eight bays, aisles, north porch and a low western tower containing a clock and 8 bells". The nave dates from the reign of King Stephen (1135-54). On the south side is a small chapel built in the reign of Henry III. (1216-72). There are 13 memorial windows, various mural tablets to the Southwell and Sampson families, and one to Edward Capell, d.1681. The pulpit is of stone richly carved, and was presented by the family of a former vicar. The church was repaired and enlarged in 1833, and completely restored in 1878, at a cost of £6,000, and has 600 sittings.

At that time (1923) Henbury included the tithings of Stowick, Compton, Charlton, King's Weston and Lawrence Weston. The living was a vicarage, with the chapelries of Aust, Northwick, Hallen and Sea Mills annexed; however it has been subjected over the years to numerous boundary changes. In 1901, part of the civil parish was added to Bristol civil parish and county borough, and on January 1st 1902, the same part was transferred to Bristol registration district. Further changes during the 1920s and 1930s resulted in the civil parish being abolished, part of it absorbed into Bristol, and part serving to enlarge the civil parishes of Almondsbury, Pilning and Severn Beach. For more details see Henbury on the Vision of Britain website.

Denomination

Now or formerly Church of England.

If more than one congregation has worshipped here, or its congregation has united with others, in most cases this will record its original dedication.

Maps

This Church is located at OS grid reference ST5632878790. You can see this on various mapping systems. Note all links open in a new window:

Reference

  • Places recorded by the Registrar General under the provisions of the Places of Worship Registration Act 1855 (2010) is available as a "Freedom of Information" document from the website What Do They Know.
Last updated on 30 Dec 2014 at 08:24.

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This Report was created 24 Aug 2017 - 09:48:39 BST from information held in the Gloucestershire section of the Places of Worship Database. This was last updated on 4 Jul 2017 at 10:50.

URL of this page: http://churchdb.gukutils.org.uk/GLS294.php
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